Job Description of Athletic Coaches:
Coaches train amateur and professional athletes. They organize them and teach them the fundamentals of individual and team sports.
Employment Facts About Athletic Coaches:
Coaches and scouts (which the Bureau of Labor Statistics groups together) held approximately 225,700 jobs in 2008.
Education Requirements for Athletic Coaches:
Some entry-level positions for coaches or instructors require only experience derived as a participant in the sport or activity. Public secondary school head coaches and sports instructors at all levels usually must have a bachelor's degree. Degree programs specifically related to coaching include exercise and sports science, physiology, kinesiology
and fitness, physical education, and sports medicine
Why Do You Need to Know About Educational Requirements?
Other Requirements for Athletic Coaches:
Some entry-level positions require experience from participation in the sport. To become a public secondary school head coach, those who are not teachers
must meet individual state requirements for certification
. Certification may not be required for private school jobs. Immense overall knowledge of the game, usually acquired through years of experience at lower levels, is required. Coaches must possess good communication and leadership skills. They must be resourceful and flexible.
Advancement of Athletic Coaches:
Many coaches begin their careers as assistant coaches to gain the necessary knowledge and experience needed to become a head coach. Head coaches at larger schools that strive to compete at the highest levels of a sport require substantial experience as a head coach at another school or as an assistant coach. To reach the ranks of professional coaching, it usually takes years of coaching experience and a winning record in the lower ranks.
Why Do You Need to Know About Advancement?
Job Outlook for Athletic Coaches:
Employment is expected to increase much faster than the average for all jobs through 2018. Americans will continue to place an importance on organized sports for recreation, entertainment, and physical fitness that will drive this increase.
Why Do You Need to Know About Job Outlook?
How Much Do Athletic Coaches Earn?:
A Day in an Athletic Coach's Life:
On a typical day a coach will:
- instruct the athlete on proper form and technique in beginning and, later, in advanced exercises attempting to maximize the players' physical potential;
- oversee athletes as they refine their individual skills;
- manage the team during both practice sessions and competitions;
- instill good sportsmanship, a competitive spirit, and teamwork;
- select, store, issue, and inventory equipment, materials, and supplies;
- substitute players for optimum team chemistry and success;
- evaluate or "scout" the opposing team prior to the competition;
- direct team strategy and call specific plays during competition to surprise or overpower the opponent;
Sources: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition, Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers, on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos251.htm (visited May 14, 2010).
Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, O*NET Online, Coaches and Scouts, on the Internet at http://online.onetcenter.org/link/details/27-2022.00 (visited November 8, 2010).
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