ServicesSince career guidance is intended to support an individual through his or her entire career, it includes the following components:
- Career Choice Assistance: Career guidance often involves assisting students and adults who are trying to choose a career. Career development professionals may administer self assessment instruments or teach their clients how to use self-administered tools, to help them learn about their interests, values, skills and personality type. They can educate individuals about how to explore occupations that are most suitable based on that information and then ultimately teach them how to decide which one is the best choice.
- Job Search Help: Helping you choose a career would be pointless if you didn't know how to find a job in your field of choice. Therefore career guidance also consists of providing job search assistance. We generally don't learn these things in the classroom, so most people don't have these necessary skills when they begin to look for employment.
- Advancement Advice: While most people seek help with issues that occur very early in career development, such as choosing a career or securing a first job, career guidance services also include providing advice about career advancement. Individuals can also get assistance in dealing with workplace issues.
- Job Loss Recovery: Losing a job is devastating both financially and emotionally. Assisting those who are dealing with this is a component of career guidance. Clients can find out how to cope with practical issues like applying for unemployment benefits and finding a new job. They can also get encouragement and advice from professionals and, through support groups, from others who are in the same situation.
- Motivatation: Dealing with career-related issues can be difficult. Career guidance services can push you to not give up whether you are stuck in an unsuccessful job search campaign or having trouble deciding whether to change careers.
- Career Change: Many people do not stay in the same occupation for their entire working lives and, in fact, some change careers multiple times. For that reason, career guidance also includes advising those who are making this kind of transition about topics such as job retraining and transferable skills.
Career Guidance ProvidersProfessionals who provide career guidance include career counselors and career development facilitators. School guidance counselors provide these services to middle and high school students. A college student can seek career guidance from the career services office at his or her institution.
Career centers in public libraries are a good source of free career information. All have a multitude of free resources and tools that librarians can teach you to use and many also have counseling services available. In addition many community agencies provide free or low cost vocational assistance, including occupational training programs and workshops on job search skills. One-Stop Career Centers, which are sponsored by the US Department of Labor and located throughout the country, offer tools and services to help job seekers and students.